E-learning Technology in Higher Education: A Review


  • Faton Kabashi UBT
  • Zamir DIKA SEE University, Tetovo, North Macedonia
  • Lamir Shkurti SEE University, Tetovo, North Macedonia
  • Vehebi Sofiu UBT, Higher Education Institution, Kosova


E-learning, Higher Education, Open Educational Resources (OERs), Blended Learning, Flipped Classroom, Massive Open Online Courses (MOOCs)


Nowadays e-learning is a way of learning in higher education, which includes electronic media in the field of education. The rapid development of technology has had a great impact on the field of education. E-learning is now a day one the most important tool of learning & becoming a core part of today’s education system and opening new avenues to higher education. Today, almost all institutions of higher education deliver programs that incorporate digital media into an online environment to provide versatile learning opportunities, regardless of time and location. A major issue for faculty and educational developers in higher education is to determine which e-learning technology is most appropriate to support their particular teaching needs and provide optimum learning opportunities for students. Many Higher Education Institutions are now relying on various technological advances and changing their pedagogical practices, teaching methods, and implementing various e-learning strategies such as the Flipped Classroom (FC), Blended Learning & MOOCs, Open Educational Resources (OER), etc. In this paper, a review of e-learning technology in Higher education has been presented. Fifty relevant papers, published between 2009 and 2021, were reviewed and analyzed. This paper provides a background for e-learning in Higher Education Institutions, characteristics, advantages, and disadvantages of e-learning, its requirements, and the various strategies of e-learning, in Higher Education Institutions.